Skin Pigmentation Disorders, or hyperpigmentation as it is commonly called, occurs when the melanin found in the skin’s cells become unevenly distributed causing a variety of physical and psychological effects. Individuals suffering from hyperpigmentation may appear very pale or may develop darker patches. They may appear black or even brown, or have a combination of all colors. Hyperpigmentation can occur in various parts of the body but is most common on the face, hands, neck, chest, and upper arms.
Pigment changes that begin during puberty or adolescence are more easily noticeable than those that occur later in life. However, even adults can experience a slight change in skin pigmentation, often referred to as age spots. Age spots are the result of exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays. These areas of uneven pigmentation tend to fade to white or cream after several years.
Pigmentation disorders can also be as a result of an underlying health condition, and there are many different types of skin diseases that can cause a discoloration of the skin. Some of these conditions include Melanoma, which are caused by melanin production; Melanoma-Scleroderma, which are caused by an overactive melanin production; and Crohn’s Disease, which affects the skin’s blood vessels. In addition, medications used to treat certain skin conditions may also have side effects that lead to hyperpigmentation disorders.
Skin pigmentation disorders can be caused by many factors, including genetics, sun exposure, and illness. Genetics can play a large role, as some people are born with a darker skin tone than other individuals. Sun exposure is also a primary trigger of hyperpigmentation. It is important to keep the skin clean and moisturized on a regular basis to reduce the risk of developing hyperpigmentation. Individuals who work outdoors are at an increased risk of developing hyperpigmentation, as exposure to the sun stimulates the production of melanin.
Individuals with hyperpigmentation may also experience skin pigmentation because they are suffering from scarring, discoloration, or injury. Skin discoloration as a result of trauma can be treated by chemical peels or microdermabrasion. Chemical peels remove the top layer of skin and expose healthy, fresh skin underneath. Microdermabrasion treatments, which use mechanical abrasion to remove surface scars and age spots, can also provide a lighter complexion after treatment.
It is important to consult a dermatologist if you are experiencing any symptoms of skin pigmentation disorders. You may want to try a natural skin lightening cream to see if your condition improves. There are several medications available for hyperpigmentation, including prescription drugs and lightening creams. However, it is always better to consult a dermatologist before using any medication to avoid any possible side effects.